Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Wednesday, October 16, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
A simple MP3 FM transmitter circuit shown here can be built easily in few minutes if all parts are available to you. All the components used in this transmitter circuit are general purpose and low cost. The circuit will work as a best FM transmitter for simply broadcasting your music around your house and yard, and can be used to broadcast the output of any equipment like mp3 player, ipod, satellite, etc.
Posted on Sunday, October 6, 2013 • Category: Remote Control
This little project will demonstrate how you can use NEC IR protocol based TV, DVD or VCR remote control to control you home appliances like fan bulb or virtually anything. There are lots of projects out there to accomplish this task but i have to write my own code because of too many requests on IR infrared Remote Control Relay Board with PIC12F675 Microcontroller. There are a number of consumer Infrared protocols out there and they have been used for every single purpose possible, like PDA laptops and other consumer appliances. RC-5 & RC-6 by Phillips, RCA are few examples of consumer IR protocols.
Posted on Thursday, September 26, 2013 • Category: FM Radio / Receivers
This FM radio receiver circuit is very simple to build and is powered by just a single 1.5V battery cell. Receiver consists of a regenerative rf stage, TR1, followed by a two of three-stage audio amplifier, TR2 to TR4. In some areas 3 stages of audio amplification may not be necessary, in which case TR3 and its associated components can be omitted and the free end of capacitor C5 connected to the collector of TR2.
The critical part of the fm radio receiver is the first stage, TR1/VC1, where the wirings must be kept as short as possible. Coil L1 is formed by winding 8 turns of 1mm (20 swg) enamelled copper wire on a 6 mm diameter former, which is then removed. After that L1 should be stretched carefully and evenly to a length of about 13mm.
Posted on Monday, September 23, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
This is a 1 Watt PLL FM broadcast transmitter. The RF output varies from 500mW to about 1.2W depending on the frequency selected and RF output transistor used. Motorola 2N4427 always seems to work well. Transmitter uses CMOS PLL VCO that prevents the frequency drifts. The frequency is selected via DIP switches. The transmitter is supplied by 12V DC and can also be powered from the battery.
Posted on Friday, September 20, 2013 • Category: Arduino
In this tutorial you will learn how to build a simple serial 16x2 LCD display that is controlled via Arduino board by only two wires. The magic behind is done by the PCF8574 chip, an I/O expander that communicates with the micro-controller by using I2C protocol. The PCF8574 is a quick and easy solution to extending and adding output/input ports to Arduino. The chip connects to a standard I2C bus and adds an additional 8 output ports. A total of 8 LCD displays can be connected to the same two wire I2C bus with each board having a different address.
Posted on Friday, September 13, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
This FM transmitter is about the simplest and most basic FM transmitter it is possible to build and have a useful
transmitting range. It is surprisingly powerful despite its small component count and 3V operating voltage. It will
easily penetrate over three floors of an apartment building and go over 300 meters in the open air. The circuit
we use is based on a proven Australian design. It may be tuned anywhere in the FM band. Or it may be tuned
outside the commercial M band for greater privacy. (Of course this means you must modify your FM radio to
be able to receive the transmission or have a broad-band FM receiver.) The output power of this FM Tx is below
the legal limits of many countries (eg, USA and Australia). However, some countries may ban ALL wireless transmissions without a license. It is the responsibility of the builder to check the legal requirements for the operation of this circuit and to obey them.
Posted on Sunday, September 1, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
This portable FM Transmitter is easy to build. I have used a pair of BC548 transistors in this circuit. Although not strictly RF transistors, they still give good range. Transmitter is powered by 9V battery. The coil L1 consists of 7 turns on a quarter inch plastic former with a tuning slug. The tuning slug is adjusted to tune the transmitter. Actual range on my prototype tuned from 70MHz to around 120MHz. The aerial is a few inches of wire. Lengths of antenna wire should be 1 - 2 feet. The circuit is basically a radio frequency (RF) oscillator that operates around 70-120 MHz. Audio from audio jack is fed into the audio amplifier stage built around the first transistor. Output from the collector is fed into the base of the second transistor where it modulates the resonant frequency of the tank circuit by varying the junction capacitance of the transistor. Junction capacitance is a function of the potential difference applied to the base of the transistor. The tank circuit is connected in a Colpitts oscillator circuit.
Posted on Friday, July 19, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
This circuit provides an FM modulated signal with an output power of around 500mW. The input microphone pre-amp is built around a couple of 2N3904 transistors (Q1/Q2), and audio gain is limited by the 5k preset trim potentiometer. The oscillator is a colpitt stage, frequency of oscillation governed by the tank circuit made from two 5pF ceramic capacitors and the L2 inductor. The output stage operates as a 'Class D' amplifier, no direct bias is applied but the RF signal developed across the 3.9uH inductor is sufficient to drive this stage. The emitter resistor and 1k base resistor prevent instability and thermal runaway in this stage.
Posted on Sunday, May 19, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
This low power fm transmitter is designed to use an input from another sound source and transmits on the commercial FM band. This low power fm radio transmitter it is actually quite powerful.
The first stage is the oscillator, and is tuned with the variable capacitor. Select an unused frequency, and carefully adjust C3 until the background noise is removed.
Posted on Wednesday, May 15, 2013 • Category: FM Radio / Receivers
Here's a portable FM broadcast radio receiver for reception of FM broadcast band based around FET transistor. The topology is a classic grounded-gate FET VHF Hartley oscillator. The drain resonator inductance is centre-tapped with feedback to the source through a small capacitance. By tapping down towards the cold-end of the coil the feedback isn't as critical as your usual source-drain capacitor feedback and it tends to be far less difficult to get to work across a broad range of frequencies. The RFC to an RC source circuit to implement self-quenching is very traditional for super-regenerative detectors. The quench gets frequency-modulated somewhat by the drain current, so it varies with signal strength and the recovered modulation, this is typical for self-quenched circuits.
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