Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects

Ground Pole Antenna
Posted on Thursday, May 20, 2010   •   Category: Antennas

Ground Pole Antenna

This Antenna is most widely used all over the world. For example, when you see a police car it has a transmitter with Ground Pole Antenna The body of car serves as ground). It accepts load from 50 ohm source and has larger power output than Half-Wave Dipole Antenna.

TV Transmitter with Audio
Posted on Sunday, May 16, 2010   •   Category: Video

TV Transmitter with Audio

TV transmitter consists of of the two sections: video transmitter and audio amplifying. Both of them actually is transmitters. The main one generates video carrier while the smaller one generates the exact 4.5 (5.5 in some countries) MHz FM audio carrier. When it is supplied to the main section, the combination generates the audio carrier that is the total of the video frequency plus 4.5 MHz (this is the same in the US but different in other countries: 3.5 in the UK, 5.0 in Italy, 5.5 in Australia and so on: see the channel plans).

2W RF Amplifier For 24/23 CM
Posted on Thursday, May 6, 2010   •   Category: FM Transmitters

2W RF Amplifier For 24/23 CM

This page describes TX ATV Transmitter for 23 cm with output adjustable from 100 to 250mW.

RS232 Serial to USB Converter
Posted on Thursday, May 6, 2010   •   Category: USB Circuts

RS232 Serial to USB Converter

This is simple RS232 Serial to USB Converter that doesn’t need any further explanations. You can use it for any projects that might need it. Diagrams for USB and DB-9 female connectors are provided.

Wireless Temperature and Humidity Sensor with USB
Posted on Thursday, May 6, 2010   •   Category: AVR

Wireless Temperature and Humidity Sensor with USB

This project is based on obdev's RemoteSensor example and their firmware-only USB implementation; the main change is the replacement of the analog sensors with a Sensirion SHT11 digital temperature and humidity sensor.

Half-Wave Dipole Antenna (Open Dipole)
Posted on Thursday, May 6, 2010   •   Category: Antennas

Half-Wave Dipole Antenna (Open Dipole)

It accepts load from 75 ohm source and has much smaller power output than Ground Pole Antenna. Use this antenna only when you don't have GP Antenna. Construction: Two aluminum rods ,each of length "L" in meters are joined together through an insulator as shown in fig. From center, 75 ohm cable is feeded just like ordinary TV antenna.

NiCd Charger with Thermal Peak Detection
Posted on Sunday, May 2, 2010   •   Category: Battery Chargers

NiCd Charger with Thermal Peak Detection

The electric model aircraft and car industries have produced a bewildering array of field chargers for NiCd motor battery packs. These range from simple 6 or 7 cell chargers consisting of a resistor and mechanical timer, to more complex chargers with peak detection, cycling, and the ability to handle 36 cell packs.

Ultrasonic Parking Assistant
Posted on Sunday, May 2, 2010   •   Category: Sensors

Ultrasonic Parking Assistant

The basic theory behind the Parking Assistant is the Sound Navigation and Ranging (SONAR) technique that is used for finding the distance and direction of a remote object underwater by transmitting sound waves and detecting reflections from it. First, a series of short ultrasonic pulses are transmitted using a transducer that changes voltage into sound waves. The transmitted pulse is reflected off an object, and the reflected wave is then received by another transducer that converts sound waves into voltage. The transmitted signal is also known as the ‘ping’ and the received signal is known as the ‘pong’. By counting the elapsed time between the ping and the pong, the distance between the device and an object can be easily calculated by multiplying the elapsed time with the speed of sound.

Dipole Antenna
Posted on Sunday, May 2, 2010   •   Category: Antennas

Dipole Antenna

A simple dipole antenna can be used for improved FM broadcast signals. A dipole is basically a length of conductor (wire) split into two portions and signal is taken off at the split. It has a nominal 3 dB gain over an isotropic source and is directional, tending to favor signals broadside to the wire. The dipole is customarily an electrical half wavelength of wire at the frequency of interest, since the impedance under this condition is theoretically 72 ohms resistive and is a good match to a 50-75 ohm source or load generally presented by interfacing equipment such as receivers and transmitters designed to work into this range of impedances.

PIC Programmable Security System
Posted on Sunday, May 2, 2010   •   Category: PIC

PIC Programmable Security System

This project uses the 12F675, it was chosen because of its low cost, A/D convertor and flash memory. This security system was designed to be used in a simple installation with just a hidden switch and not a keyboard. There are several features such as a battery monitor built into the code that also make it good for remote locations just run off a battery. Also all the delays and and other parameters are put into flash memory just by using a visual basic program and the serial port of a PC.

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