Posted on Thursday, June 9, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
This micro spy PLL FM Transmitter transmits on the 160MHz frequency (if we use a 40MHz quartz) and therefore can be listened through a receiver tuned on this frequency. This circuit can be used to on various frequencies, for example on the FM band 88-108 just modifying some components, among which the quartz (25MHz).
Voice is detected by an electret microphone, then it is amplified and filtered by U1 pass-band in order then to be modulated from the carrier section, where through the varicap diode it "mixes" with the frequency generated by the quartz, that guarantees an adapted stability. Practically the modulating voltage is obtained applying the audio signal to the resonating circuit varicap diode that determines the carrier oscillation. The carrier frequency (160 MHz) must be greater than the modulating frequency (300-3300 Hz) audio band.
The transmission is on the fourth harmonic, therefore 160MHz, the oscillation frequency of the driver RF transistor Q1.
A small calibration is allowed acting on the L1 inductance and the C1 Trimmer Capacitor.
Posted on Thursday, June 9, 2011 • Category: PIC
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PIC Controlled Relay Driver
This circuit is a relay driver that is based on a PIC16F84A microcontroller. The board includes four relays so this lets us to control four distinct electrical devices. The controlled device may be a heater, a lamp, a computer or a motor. To use this board in the industrial area, the supply part is designed more attentively. To minimize the effects of the ac line noises, a 1:1 line filter transformer is used.
Posted on Wednesday, June 8, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
Mini FM transmitters take place as one of the standard circuit types in an amateur electronics fan's beginning steps. When done right, they provide very clear wireless sound transmission through an ordinary FM radio over a remarkable distance. I've seen lots of designs through the years, some of them were so simple, some of them were powerful, some of them were hard to build etc.
Here is the last step of this evolution, the most stable, smallest, problem-less, and energy saving champion of this race. Circuit given below will serve as a durable and versatile FM transmitter till you break or crush it's PCB. Frequency is determined by a parallel L-C resonance circuit and shifts very slow as battery drains out.
Posted on Tuesday, June 7, 2011 • Category: Amplifiers
Complete car amplifier for subwoofer based on TDA7294 amplifier chip. This is a much powerful than previous TDA1562 based version (LINK), but its based on push-pull converter so its more difficult to build. Build-in low-pass filter, all on one one-sided 75mm x 125mm dimension PCB.
Posted on Monday, June 6, 2011 • Category: Headphone Amplifiers
This is a scaled-down version of Nelson Pass' Zen power amplifier for my headphones. For this use, the Zen topology is perfect excellent sound quality, simplicity, linearity and no multi-stage feedback. It is a single stage class A MOSFET design with the right gain and a low output impedance. Here we don't have the limitations of the Zen amps at least in the single-stage implementations regarding speaker compatibility. A single stage topology with correct interfacing values misses very few things in the original music message.
The gain device in the original Zen amplifier is biased by fixed current source. For this amp, I employed an active current source described in Pass' patent no. 5,710,522 (see Zen Variations Part 2). The benefits of an active source include higher output current, lower distortion and 50% theoretical operating efficiency (compared to the 25% efficiency from a fixed source). This type of current source is featured in the Aleph power amplifiers from Pass Labs.
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