Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Wednesday, May 4, 2022 • Category: FM Transmitters
Build your own fairly simple high quality stereo FM transmitter circuit as shown in the photo. The circuit is based on the BA1404 chip from ROHM Semiconductors and S9018 amplifier for extending tansmitter's range. BA1404 is a monolithic FM stereo modulator that has built in stereo modulator, FM modulator, RF amplifier circuits. The FM modulator can be operated from 76 to 108MHz and the power supply for the circuit can be anything between 6 to 12 volts.
Posted on Wednesday, April 13, 2022 • Category: Power Supplies
I have gone without a variable lab bench power supply for too long now. The power supply that I have been using to power most of my projects has been shorted out too many times. I have actually killed 2 by accident and needed a replacement. I had many 18650 lipo batteries lying around my workshop so I decided to use them to build a portable variable bench power supply that could be easily moved around and used on the go. The power supply consists of DC-DC step up power module, voltage and current display, a switch, standard size 10K trim pots, XT-60 and a balance connector for charging an array of 8x4 18650 batteries.
Posted on Wednesday, March 30, 2022 • Category: FM Transmitters
1 Watt FM Transmitter amplifier with a reasonably balanced design specified to boost a RF frequency in the 88 – 108 MHz spectrum. It may be considered a fairly sensitive configuration when used with quality RF power amplifier transistors, trimmers and inductors. It involves a power amplification factor of 9 to 12 dB (9 to 15 times). At an input power of 0.1W the output may be well over 1W. It's advisable to choose T1 transistor on the basis of the input voltage. For 12V voltage it is recommended to use transistors such as 2N4427, KT920A, KT934A, KT904, BLX65, 2SC1970, BLY87. For 18-24V voltage may may want to use transistors such as 2N3866, 2N3553, KT922A, BLY91, BLX92A. You may also consider using 2N2219 with 12V input voltage however that would only produce an output power of around 0.4W.
Posted on Monday, March 14, 2022 • Category: Miscellaneous
Modern model railroads are digitally controlled using a Digital Command Control (DCC) protocol similar to network packets. These data packets contain device address and instruction set that is embedded in the form of AC voltage and fed to train track to control locomotives. The great advantage of DCC over analog DC control is that you can independently control the speed and direction of many locomotives on the same train track as well as control many other lights and accessories using that same signal and voltage. Commercial DCC decoders are available on the market however their cost can add up pretty quickly if you have a lot of devices to control. Luckily you can build a simple Arduino DCC decoder yourself to decode DCC signal and control up to 17 LEDs / accessories per each DCC decoder.
Posted on Tuesday, February 1, 2022 • Category: FM Radio / Receivers
This is perhaps one of the simplest and smallest FM receivers for receiving local FM stations. It's simple design makes it ideal for a pocket sized FM receiver. The audio output of the receiver is amplified through LM386 amplifier chip that can drive a small speaker or headphones. The circuit is powered by three AAA or AA battery cells. FM receiver section uses two RF transistors for converting frequency modulated signals to audio. L1 coil and variable capacitor form a tuned tank circuit that is used for tuning to any available FM stations.
Posted on Thursday, January 20, 2022 • Category: FM Transmitters
This a build of a well known FM transmitter called Veronica. Transmitter was built on two separate boards. The first board (pictured above) is the Veronica transmitter itself with output power of 600mW when powered by 12V voltage or 1W when powered by 16V voltage. The second board is an RF power amplifier that uses 2SC1971 transistor to amplify Veronica's output signal to around 7 Watts. Although transmitter can be powered with 9-16V voltage, it is recommended that both transmitter and amplifier is powered by 12V voltage as 600mW is an upper limit for driving 2SC1971 transistor.
Posted on Tuesday, January 4, 2022 • Category: FM Transmitters
I had been fascinated with the idea of making simple stereo encoder for building Stereo FM Transmitter. Not that stereo means much to me away from the computer. I use an FM broadcast transmitter to relay the output of my computers to FM radios in the kitchen, the bedroom, the driveway, and out in the garden. Under those circumstances, I find that mono is plenty, whether it is music or radio programs from over the internet, since I am primarily occupied with something else anyway. When on my hands and knees in the garden, all the way up to my elbows in planting a bush, the music really does not seem any more sweet when its stereo. But that did not stop me from being fascinated with the idea of making a stereo encoder. Stereo always seemed like a lot of circuitry and bother for the slight benefit that came with it. That is, until a few weeks ago.
Posted on Friday, December 24, 2021 • Category: FM Radio / Receivers
High sensitivity TEA5711 receiver allows the reception of distant stations from over 150 miles (240 km) away. Good selectivity is obtained with narrow bandwidth ceramic filters. AFC automatic frequency control locks on stations for drift-free reception. Stereo separation which depends on signal strength is very apparent on strong signals. And with high quality headphones, the sound is rich with deep base and high treble, for hours of enjoyable stereo music.
Posted on Friday, October 1, 2021 • Category: FM Transmitters
Ever wondered how come you can just simply tune in to your favorite FM Radio Channel. Moreover, ever had the curiosity of making your own FM Station on a specific frequency? Well if the answer is Yes to any of those questions then you are at the right place!. We are going to look into making small FM Transmitter for Hobby Purposes with a really basic component guide and components that are readily available off the shelf.
Posted on Tuesday, August 31, 2021 • Category: Amplifiers
This is my second encounter with LM3886. I was pleased with the sound this chip produced the first time, so I decided to make another amplifier with it. The schematic is based on the schematic in the datasheet of the chip with minor changes. I removed the time delay capacitor connected to MUTE pin, because it’s better to use separate DC protection schematic which has similar functionality. I made the output inductance L1 by winding 15 turns of enameled wire around the resistor R7. The diameter of the wire must be minimum 0.4mm. The whole was wrapped with heat shrink. I used 47uF/63V non polarized capacitor for C2. It can be regular electrolytic capacitor, but it’s better to use non-polarized or bipolar.
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