Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Saturday, January 29, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
This unit is an updated version of the Wide Dynamic Range Field Strength Meter. While the basic function is the same, it has several critical differences:
It uses a specialized integrated circuit, the Analog Devices AD8307. This chip is designed specifically as a logarithmic amplifier for use through 500 MHz.
Using the AD8307, it has a wider dynamic range (85 dB versus 55 dB) and it has built-in temperature compensation.
Because of the different nature of this type of detector - and the fact that it has temperature compensation - means that there is no need for a "zeroing" control.
One disadvantage of this approach as compared to the diode approach is that the AD8307 has a lower frequency response than the diode. The frequency limit of the meter is dictated pretty much by the diodes themselves along with their physical layout and related components: There is no reason why the earlier version could not be constructed to work through 10 GHz or so - but the AD8307 is falling flat by the time you get to 1 GHz, making it unsuitable for detecting wireless LANs or PCS-type cell phones.
Posted on Thursday, January 27, 2011 • Category: Oscilloscopes
Passive Probe are the most general used scope probe. As the name "passive" suggest, it is made from passive components resistor, capacitor & wires. The leading scope probe maker are LeCroy, Tektronix & Agilent.
Passive probe usually comes with attenuation factor of 1:1, 10:1 and 100:1. Attenuation factor of 1:1 means whatever signal being probe at the probe tip will be shown exactly as it is at the oscilloscope input. So a signal of 1V at the probe tip will be detected as 1V at the scope input.
Attenuation factor of 10:1 means that a signal of 1V at probe tip will be detected as 0.1V at the scope input.
Posted on Thursday, January 27, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
Everyone involved with radio transmitters needs some instruments to assess basic antenna functionality. Among these instruments, the best-known and most-used one is the Standing Wave Ratio meter. Some radio amateurs develop a cult for these little gadgets, having them in line all the time and watching the needles bounce while they chat. I have seen some guys owning 5 or 6 SWR meters, and no other instrument relating to antenna testing! While it's unfortunate that some people - specially amateurs - assign so much importance to SWR and so little to other parameters, it's also a fact that SWR needs to be known, so if you use transmitters, you need an SWR meter.
Posted on Thursday, January 27, 2011 • Category: Amplifiers
The following is a 70W amplifier based on a popular TDA7294 chip. Main technical characteristics of the amplifier are as follows: input resistance - 22 kOhm input voltage - 750 mV nominal output power at 4 ohms and THD 0.5% - 70 Watts Frequency Range - 20 ... 20000 Hz supply voltage - ± 27 V, quiescent current - 60 mA. The amplifier has a built-in thermal protection, and protection against overload and short circuit in the load. For "soft" switching amplifier is SA1. Switch can be powered from a bipolar unregulated power supply. Power AC Transformer - 250-A, the secondary winding should be designed to current than 5A.
Posted on Thursday, January 27, 2011 • Category: Power Supplies
With a maximum capacity of 20 volts and 1 amp, it will supply most of your projects, it's greatest quality is the protection all your projects, it is capable of limiting the maximum current to as low as 1mA, saving your ICs and transistors in case of an accidental short circuit during the experimenting period of your projects. It is also an excellent battery charger.
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