Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Thursday, April 14, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
9 Volt battery operated simple Mini FM Transmitter. FM Transmitter is very simple, compact, and has transmission signal with a range of 100-150m, good sensitivity and low current consumption. Transmitter's schematic consists of a bass amplifier for the first transistor and the proper frequency generator in the second. FM Transmitter divided transitional capacitor that allows you to set up a cascade separately.
Posted on Tuesday, April 12, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
Here's a nice AC mains powered FM Broadcast Audio Transmitter with pre-emphasis, audio level control, and tuning control. The circuit consists of a frequency modulated oscillator, an audio preamplifier with pre emphasis to supply the frequency modulating signal, and a buffer amplifier to drive the antenna connector.
Oscillator's frequency is determined by L1 resonating with the 10 pf capacitor and the total capacitance across it. The collector-base capacitance of the transistors Q3, Q4, and Q5 is a function of their revers bias. This is basically a poor man's (or lazy man's) varactor. The voltage across Q3 is set by a voltage divider and is then modulated by an Ac coupled audio signal from the pre amp, causing the reverse bias to vary with the audio signal, which changes the resonant frequency of L1's circuit, causing the frequency of the oscillator to vary with the audio signal.
The capacitance of Q4 and Q5 is adjusted by DC bias from the tuning adjustment potentiometer, and this capacitance sets the center frequency of the oscillator.
All of the transistors in the oscillator -Q1 through Q5, are 2N4401.
The purpose of the buffer is to minimize frequency shift as loading on the antenna is changed. It was specifically designed to reduce the signal amplitude to the antenna. Transmitters should not use any more power than is necessary to achieve the task at hand, and lightly coupling the RF into the buffer's base with a gimmick capacitor did the trick. The transistor is an MPSH34.
Posted on Monday, April 11, 2011 • Category: AC / DC Innveters
Small 1.5V to 5V or 12V DC/DC converter with LT1073 chip. The IC is available in three different versions, depending on output voltage. Two with fixed output voltage of 5V and 12V, and the most interesting that can be adjusted. The adjustment is done through a voltage divider with two resistors, of mass, output and Terminal 8, internally connected to the voltage comparator IC, which is responsible for stabilizing the output voltage.
Posted on Sunday, April 10, 2011 • Category: Remote Control
This is a remote controllable light switch that comes with an RF remote. The only light switch is across the room from my PC and it's a pretty large room. (The building's basically a 1-room apartment) so this works out great with the remote. Of course since I'm using the remote to cut the lights when I go to bed I'm basically using the remote from two places which brings with it the unavoidable annoyance of the remote being in the wrong place all the time. Which means I have to get up and look for it which is effectively as much of an annoyance as it was meant to solve. So I wanted a second controller that would basically be a stationary switch by my bed so I could leave the portable remote around the desk.
Posted on Saturday, April 9, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
Here's a tiny one transistor spy FM transmitter bug that operates from a single 1.5V AA battery. Main advantage of this circuit is that power supply is a 1.5 Volts cell (any size) which makes it possible to fix PCB and the battery into very tight places. Transmitter even runs with standard NiCd rechargeable cells, for example a 750mAh AA size battery runs it about 500 hours (while it draws 1.4mA at 1.24V) which equals to 20 days. This way circuit especially valuable in amateur spy operations. Mini FM transmitters take place as one of the standard circuit types in an amateur electronics fan's beginning steps. When done right, they provide very clear wireless sound transmission through an ordinary FM radio over a remarkable distance. I've seen lots of designs through the years, some of them were so simple, some of them were powerful, some of them were hard to build etc.
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