This is a low voltage 12V fluorescent inverter for powering two 20W or single 40W fluorescent tube. It's a circuit you can put together from junk box components and is a very simple to build. The transformer is hand-wound on a ferrite rod from an old transistor radio and the winding wire can be salvaged from an old transformer. The cost of powering the circuit is about 22 watts and this will produce the same light output as 60 watt incandescent light bulb.
Posted on Sunday, August 3, 2014 • Category: FM Transmitters
The figure shows a schematic of an easy to build FM transmitter circuit. Mostly all FM transmitter circuits you will find online or in books require some kind of hand build inductor/coil and after building the transmitter you have to adjust that coil and trimmer capacitor a little to adjust the transmitter to transmit on your desired frequency.
If you are looking for an easy or simple FM transmitter circuit in which you don't have to make a coil with your hand then the circuit given here is ideal for you. The circuit is using a ready made 1uH inductor which can be purchased from an electronic components store. These inductors are mostly look like resistors. The circuit also does not require a trimmer capacitor, because we have used a fixed value of 39pF capacitor in the place of trimmer capacitor. We have already calculated and used the values of coil and capacitors of oscillator to broadcast on FM band, so you don't have to do any further adjustments and tuning after building the circuit. The circuit can be operated with 9 to 12 volt DC. For antenna use a 12 inch wire or for maximum range use a 30 inch wire and make it vertical.
Posted on Monday, July 28, 2014 • Category: Test and Measurement
Curious C-Beeper is a fun to build little probe that can be used to quickly detect the capacity of capacitors in pF nF range, test their stability with temperature changes, find broken wires, locate wires, trace wires on PCBs, and to locate live wires behind the walls without touching them. The circuit uses three transistors to make a most unusual capacitance beeper probe. When a capacitor is touched to the probe, the probe beeps at a frequency that varies with capacitance. The frequency change is so steep with capacitance that tiny capacitors may be precisely matched or an exact fixed value may be selected to replace a trimmer in a prototype. If the user has reasonably moist skin, simply holding one lead of the capacitor to be tested while touching the other lead to the probe is all that is necessary. The user's body forms the other connection through the beeper's metal case. When the beeper is properly adjusted it draws only 10 uA with nothing touching the probe - no power switch is required. This design is optimized for capacitors less than about 0.1 uF (100 nF). Large capacitors give a low frequency "clicking" sound and small capacitors sound a tone that increases as the capacitance decreases. Many decades of frequency change occur over the beeper's range giving even the more tone-deaf among us sufficient change to discern slight differences in capacitance. The entire device is powered by two CR2032 lithium cells that fit into TicTac box. The use of power switch is unnecessary since the circuit consumes almost no power when not being used.
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