Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Thursday, May 28, 2015 • Category: FM Transmitters
This simple transmitter allows you to broadcast on FM radio band 87.5 - 108 MHz. It consists of a simple oscillator with silicon planar RF PNP transistor. Directly to the oscillator an antenna is connected. Due to the large amplitude of RF voltage is sufficient antenna length of about 5-10 cm. I used insulated 7cm long copper wire 1mm diameter. I eliminated the tuning capacitor, which is usual for most bugs and miniature transmitters, because this greatly complicates the tuning. From my own experience I know that if you get closer to such capacitor, the operating frequency is changed. That's why I chose to use the voltage tuning using the Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO). Instead of tuning capacitor the varicap (capacitance diode) is used, which changes its capacity by changing the reverse DC voltage. We can tune the operating frequency by changing the DC voltage using the trimmer P1. Varicap also provides frequency modulation.
Posted on Sunday, May 24, 2015 • Category: FM Transmitters
This simple 400mW transmitter broadcasts audio on 87.5 - 108 MHz FM radio band. With good dipole antenna transmission range up to 4km is possible. Frequency is selected by adjusting R1 potentiometer. Transmitter should be powered by regulated 12-14V power supply with at least 100mA current rating.
Posted on Thursday, April 23, 2015 • Category: FM Transmitters
FM transmitters can be complicated to build, but not this one itís about the easiest you can possibly make. And though the science of radio is well understood, thereís a magical, emotional quality about it that we donít often stop to appreciate. You will not forget the first time you pick up a transmission broadcast from a device you soldered together, yourself, from a few bits of copper, carbon, plastic, and wire.
Posted on Thursday, March 12, 2015 • Category: FM Transmitters
This is a small stereo FM transmitter. Output can be tuned from 88 to 108Mhz and the transmitter can be battery powered or be used with presented low voltage power supply. This circuit is based on the Rhom BA1404 datasheet. The maximum voltage should not exceed 3V. The IC can be driven from a 7805 Regulator with a couple of 1N4001 diodes to reduce the supply voltage to about 2.8 Volts. RF output power is typically 500mW but range depends upon antenna coupling and efficiency, environment and size of antenna. A small telescopic whip has an expected range of at leaset 100 metres or more.
Posted on Monday, March 2, 2015 • Category: Arduino
Arduino Prototype is a spectacular development board fully compatible with Arduino Pro. It's breadboard compatible so it can be plugged into a breadboard for quick prototyping, and it has VCC & GND power pins available on both sides of PCB. It's small, power efficient, yet customizable through onboard 2 x 7 perfboard that can be used for connecting various sensors and connectors. Arduino Prototype uses all standard through-hole components for easy construction, two of which are hidden underneath IC socket. Board features 28-PIN DIP IC socket, user replaceable ATmega328 microcontroller flashed with Arduino bootloader, 16MHz crystal resonator and a reset switch. It has 14 digital input/output pins (0-13) of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs and 6 analog inputs (A0-A5). Arduino sketches are uploaded through any USB-Serial adapter connected to 6-PIN ICSP female header. Board is supplied by 2-5V voltage and may be powered by a battery such as Lithium Ion cell, two AA cells, external power supply or USB power adapter.
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