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Posted on Friday, July 8, 2011   •   Category: FM Transmitters

The transmitters on my homepage seem to be quite popular, especially those intended for the 88 - 108MHz FM band. I must really confess that I also favor this broadcast band, mainly because it is so easy to find signals on the workshop radio. Everyone has an FM radio, and it is fun to play with. Experimental antennas and the like can all be developed in this band since there are a huge range of "beacons" all transmitting just for my benefit :-). Basic oscillators also are easy to fault-find in this frequency band, and then later modified for other VHF bands. The V5 FM Wireless Microphone is a 10mW transmitter that featured a coil fabricated on the PCB itself. This made the project easy to duplicate and removed "microphony" (the ability of coils to act as a microphone with spring-line reverb). But as several people have already commented, although more stable than most other similar kits and projects, the frequency still does vary with battery voltage. In just one session it can vary by 200kHz when a cheap "Mighty Atom" battery falls to 8 volts.

Long Range FM Transmitter
Posted on Thursday, July 7, 2011   •   Category: FM Transmitters

Presented here is a Long Range FM Transmitter. This circuit is a super-sensitive, mini-powered FM transmitter consisting of a RF (radio Frequency) oscillator section interfaced with a high sensitivity, wide pass-band audio amplifier and capacitance mike with a built-in FET (Field Effect Transistor) that modulates the base of the RF oscillator transistor. Transistor Q1 forms a relatively stable RF oscillator whose frequency and is determined by the value of coil L1 and turning capacitor C4.

2km TV Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, July 6, 2011   •   Category: TV Transmitters

Here is a simple TV transmitter. The circuit is simple and really quite crude, but it does include MONO sound. I have not shown the two regulators in the drawing. These are one 12v DC 1A series regulator chip, and one 8v DC 1A series regulator. I fed the 8v regulator from the output of the 12v regulator. The rest of the circuit looks like this. It is a free-running Variable Frequency Oscillator (VFO) using just one coil and one capacitor to determine the frequency. Change this as you will. The basic circuit uses a 150pf from the Base of the RF transistor to ground, so that TR2 operates as a "common-base mode" (grounded base) amplifier. The tuned circuit in the collector and the capacitor from collector to emitter provide tuning and feedback.

Camera VHF Video Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, July 6, 2011   •   Category: TV Transmitters

This is a simple video transmitter that can transmit as far as 50 meters. This video transmitter can be used with the camera or other video sources. You can view them on VHF channel analog TV. Supply voltage to the video transmitter can use 9V battery. Transistor components that are used for a video transmitter is BC548 or you can use another type of transistor BF199. Meanwhile, other passive components used SMD type. For winding coil L1 is 5 Turns 8 mm in diameter and use wire AWG 0.3-0.5 mm.

AVR Programmer
Posted on Tuesday, July 5, 2011   •   Category: AVR

Here's AVR programmer for programming AVR microcontrollers such as the AT90S1200 via the parallel port. AVR programmer is extremely simple. IC1 provides buffering for the signals that travel from the parallel port to the microcontroller and vice versa. This is essentially everything that can be said about the circuit. The two box headers (K2 and K3) have the ‘standard’ ISP (in system programming) pinout for the AVR controllers. The manufacturer recommends these two pinouts in an attempt to create a kind of standard for the in-circuit programming of AVR microcontrollers. These connections can be found on many development boards for these controllers. The software of AVR programmer carries out the actual programming task.

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