Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Thursday, March 12, 2015 • Category: FM Transmitters
This is a small stereo FM transmitter. Output can be tuned from 88 to 108Mhz and the transmitter can be battery powered or be used with presented low voltage power supply. This circuit is based on the Rhom BA1404 datasheet. The maximum voltage should not exceed 3V. The IC can be driven from a 7805 Regulator with a couple of 1N4001 diodes to reduce the supply voltage to about 2.8 Volts. RF output power is typically 500mW but range depends upon antenna coupling and efficiency, environment and size of antenna. A small telescopic whip has an expected range of at leaset 100 metres or more.
Posted on Monday, March 2, 2015 • Category: Arduino
Arduino Prototype is a spectacular development board fully compatible with Arduino Pro. It's breadboard compatible so it can be plugged into a breadboard for quick prototyping, and it has VCC & GND power pins available on both sides of PCB. It's small, power efficient, yet customizable through onboard 2 x 7 perfboard that can be used for connecting various sensors and connectors. Arduino Prototype uses all standard through-hole components for easy construction, two of which are hidden underneath IC socket. Board features 28-PIN DIP IC socket, user replaceable ATmega328 microcontroller flashed with Arduino bootloader, 16MHz crystal resonator and a reset switch. It has 14 digital input/output pins (0-13) of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs and 6 analog inputs (A0-A5). Arduino sketches are uploaded through any USB-Serial adapter connected to 6-PIN ICSP female header. Board is supplied by 2-5V voltage and may be powered by a battery such as Lithium Ion cell, two AA cells, external power supply or USB power adapter.
Posted on Tuesday, December 30, 2014 • Category: FM Transmitters
Here is a simple 76-110MHz FM transmitter that can transmit your voice or audio over an ordinary FM radio within the FM broadcast band. It can transmit both voice using microphone and music from any music player. Frequency is changed by adjusting 5.5 turn inductor coil. Transmitter is powered by 9V battery or 3V-9V power adapter. Transmission range is 100 meters but can be increased with better antenna or RF amplifier.
Posted on Wednesday, December 10, 2014 • Category: FM Transmitters
FM transmitters can be complicated to build, but not this one. Itís about the easiest you can possibly make. And though the science of radio is well understood, thereís a magical, emotional quality about it that we donít often stop to appreciate. You will not forget the first time you pick up a transmission broadcast from a device you soldered together, yourself, from a few bits of copper, carbon, plastic, and wire.
Posted on Saturday, October 25, 2014 • Category: Stepper Motors
H-bridge is frequently used to control DC motors and stepper motors. When controlling a bipolar stepper motor, two full H-bridges are needed. There are many H-bridge ICs (like L298, MPC17529 and SN754410 which is a quad half H-bridge) for just that purpose. But if you are on a budget, you may want to consider building a dual H-bridge yourself. The following schematic shows a simple dual H-bridge using eight general purpose transistors (2N3904 and 2N3906). Given the maximum current of roughly 200mA, this circuit can be used to drive a small bipolar stepper motor operating between 5V and 12V, such as the stepper motors found in most floppy drives and CD / DVD drives.
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