This is a simple arduino project for a soil moisture sensor that will light up a LED at a certain moisture level. It uses Arduino Duemilanove microcontroller board. Two wires placed in the soil pot form a variable resistor, whose resistance varies depending on soil moisture. This variable resistor is connected in a voltage divider configuration, and Arduino collects a voltage proportional to resistance between the 2 wires.
Posted on Tuesday, June 4, 2019 • Category: FM Transmitters
With a matching antenna, the FM transmitter circuit shown here can transmit signals up to 2 kilometers. The transistor Q1 and Q2 forms a classic high sensitive preamplifier stage. The audio signal to be transmitted is coupled to the base of Q1 through capacitor C2. R1, R3, R4, R6, R5 and R9 are the biasing resistors for the preamplifier stage comprising of Q1 and Q2. Transistor Q3 performs the collective job of oscillator, mixer and final power amplifier. C9 and L1 forms the tank circuit which is essential for creating oscillations. Inductor L2 couples the FM signal to the antenna.
Posted on Monday, April 15, 2019 • Category: Headphone Amplifiers
This little tube amplifier is easy to build and will fit into a small metal Altoids box and can be carried around. It can be build with few common parts, that should be readily available. Amplifier works with many tubes like 6DJ8, ECC88, 6922, 12AT7, 12AX7, DAF96, 1T4, etc. It is powered by 12V supply and power consumption may be optimized to allow for small rechargeable battery packs.
Posted on Monday, February 25, 2019 • Category: Power Supplies
Presented here is a Laboratory Power Supply with 0-30V voltage and 0-3A current regulation. The schematic is pretty straightforward, it uses standard dual opamps such as TL082, TL062, TL072, NE5532, RC4558 and MC34072. The trimmer P3 adjusts the minimum current limit. P4 adjusts the maximum output voltage. After the final adjustment you may replace the trimmers with standard resistors. Power transistor dissipates quite a bit of heat and thus require a heatsink with optional fan. We may use two or tree transistors in parallel with emitter resistors to achieve more power. The transformer must be 100-120W with 27-30VAC output voltage.
Posted on Friday, February 1, 2019 • Category: FM Transmitters
This RF Amplifier designed for FM broadcast using a single 2SC1946 VHF Power Transistor. This 10-30W RF amplifier circuit provides an appropriate power boost with an input of 1-3 watt. Tower are 30 meters high will send signal surrounding air should be around 15 km.
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