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Automatic Battery Charger
Posted on Wednesday, July 13, 2011   •   Category: Battery Chargers


Automatic battery charger automatically starts the charging procedure when battery voltage drops below a certain predefined value and stops after the voltage has risen above the maximum allowed value. Setup can't be easier, just connect two alligator clips to battery terminals and plug the device in mains. This way it can stay connected for months and the battery will never overcharge. This comes very very handy when you have a scooter or a real motorcycle that you don't drive during the winter time. Because we all know what happens to a battery when not used and especially during the winter.


Power Supplies
Posted on Wednesday, July 13, 2011   •   Category: Power Supplies


There are many types of power supply. Most are designed to convert high voltage AC mains electricity to a suitable low voltage supply for electronics circuits and other devices. A power supply can by broken down into a series of blocks, each of which performs a particular function. Each of the blocks is described in more detail below:

Transformer - steps down high voltage AC mains to low voltage AC.

Rectifier - converts AC to DC, but the DC output is varying.

Smoothing - smooths the DC from varying greatly to a small ripple.

Regulator - eliminates ripple by setting DC output to a fixed voltage.


Transistor Tester
Posted on Wednesday, July 13, 2011   •   Category: Test and Measurement


Here is a very simple circuit that can b e used to check the hfe of transistors. Both PNP and NPN transistors can be checked using this circuit. Hfe as high as 1000 can be measured by using this circuit.The circuit is based on two constant current sources build around transistors Q1 and Q2.The Q1 is a PNP transistor and the constant current flows in the emitter lead. The value of constant current can be given by the equation; (V D1 -0.6)/ (R2+R4).The POT R4 can be adjusted to get a constant current of 10uA.


DIY USB Power Supply
Posted on Tuesday, July 12, 2011   •   Category: Power Supplies


Here is a quick and easy way to make an USB charger / power supply powered by the wall outlet. This can be used to charge / power a PSP, iPod or any other USB device. First you need to acquire a regulated 5 vdc wall wart rated at 500ma or higher. The one I used is from an IoMega Zip drive. It has a switching regulator with an output of 5vdc @ 1amp. This is a cool way of making an old wall-wart (plug in power supply) into a useful USB power supply and requires very few extra components.


Water Alarm
Posted on Tuesday, July 12, 2011   •   Category: Sensors


This is a simple water alarm. At the heart of this circuit is a small water sensor. For fabricating this water sensor, you need two foils—an aluminium foil and a plastic foil. You can assemble the sensor by rolling aluminium and plastic foils in the shape of a concentric cylinder. Connect one end of the insulated flexible wire on the aluminium foil and the other end to resistor R2. Now mount this sensor inside the water tap such that water can flow through it uninterrupted. To complete the circuit, connect another wire from the junction of pins 2 and 6 of IC1 to the water pipeline or the water tap itself.


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