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Water Alarm
Posted on Tuesday, July 12, 2011   •   Category: Sensors


This is a simple water alarm. At the heart of this circuit is a small water sensor. For fabricating this water sensor, you need two foils—an aluminium foil and a plastic foil. You can assemble the sensor by rolling aluminium and plastic foils in the shape of a concentric cylinder. Connect one end of the insulated flexible wire on the aluminium foil and the other end to resistor R2. Now mount this sensor inside the water tap such that water can flow through it uninterrupted. To complete the circuit, connect another wire from the junction of pins 2 and 6 of IC1 to the water pipeline or the water tap itself.


Wireless Microphone FM Transmitter
Posted on Monday, July 11, 2011   •   Category: FM Transmitters


This Wireless Microphone FM Transmitter has been a very popular project with beginners and experienced constructors alike. It has been used inside guitars and as the basis of a remote control system. I do however, receive many requests for a higher powered circuit and better microphone sensitivity. Now I can introduce the new FM Wireless Microphone, which also has a better frequency stability, over 1Km range (under ideal conditions) and is good on microphone sensitivity. This has been achieved by adding an RF amplifier buffer (with 10dB gain) and an AF preamplifier to boost the modulation a little.


Solar Recorder
Posted on Monday, July 11, 2011   •   Category: Sensors


Build a simple data recorder for solar energy lab. The Recorder uses a calculator solar cell as the input sensor and a Multimedia Memory Card for nonvolatile data storage. The device used for measuring daily insolation has been developed. The device was built with a PIC18F458 and the 128MB Multimedia Memory Card, MMC. The solar radiation is measured by a calculator solar cell. The PIC chip interfaces the MMC using SPI mode. The interval between samples is set to one minute. The firmware detects the memory card, assigns the file name and begins recording automatically. The LCD displays the file name, current sample and real-time ADC data. With the MMC flash technology and a cheap media card reader, the devices will be able to record huge amount of data and quick data uploading to the PC.


Clock Relay Controller
Posted on Saturday, July 9, 2011   •   Category: AVR


Build a digital clock that turns AC load on/off through relay with preset time. The clock is based around 7-segment LED display with multiplex connection and AT89C2051 microcontroller. It is nice to be used as the display for clock controller. So I spent my weekend built the board. Below are the pictures for outlook and internal. The board is quite small. The output has small relay for 0.5A AC load. The program clock.c was written in ‘C’ language and was complied by Micro-C Compiler from DunfiledDevelopment Systems. The memory model is TINY. The hex file of clock.c suitable for downloading by Easy-Downloaderis clock.hex.


Phone Audio Interface
Posted on Saturday, July 9, 2011   •   Category: Phone Circuits


I needed a way to extract audio from a phone line for my DTMF decoder. I found a site full of examples on how to do it, and I built an interface that suited my needs: RCA output, with a signal strong enough to be fed directly to an audio amplifier or line-in. The interface can stay connected on the line at anytime (no problems with the ring signal), and does not take of the hook. The interface must provide isolation from the line. I discovered that it can also be used to inject audio in the line.


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