Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Friday, October 28, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
Here's 1W RF Amplifier is for boosting small fm transmitters and bugs. It use two Philips 2N4427 and its power is about 1Watt. At the output you can drive any linear with BGY133 or BLY87 and so on. Its power supply has to give 500mA current at 12 Volts. More voltage can boost the distance but the transistors will be burned much earlier than usual.! In any case do not exceed the 15Volts. The Amp offers 15 dB in the area of 80Mhz to 110 Mhz. L4, L5, and L6 are 5mm diameter air coils, 8 turns, with wire 1mm wire diameter.An easy project, with great results.
Posted on Thursday, October 27, 2011 • Category: Amplifiers
I built my first power amplifier when I was still in secondary school. The circuit was made of transistors, didn't provide much power and had an ugly PCB.
Around the same time I got access to a datasheet of TDA1524, a tone/volume control circuit, and I decided to use it to build a pre-amplifier, to improve the quality of the sound coming out of the amplifer. Both circuits worked well for almost a decade but the old amplifier was never up to my expectations.
In 2006 I decided that it was time to build a real power amplifier, this time based on an integrated circuit to reduce the number of external components and cost.
Posted on Sunday, October 23, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
A high quality stereo FM transmitter circuit is shown here. The circuit is based on the IC BA1404 from ROHM Semiconductors. BA1404 is a monolithic FM stereo modulator that has built in stereo modulator, FM modulator and RF amplifier. The FM modulator can be operated from 76 to 108MHz and power supply for the circuit can be anything between 1.25 to 3 volts.
In the circuit R7, C16, C14 and R6, C15, C13 forms the pre-emphasis network for the right and left channels respectively. This is done for matching the frequency response of the FM transmitter with the FM receiver. Inductor L1 and capacitor C5 is used to set the oscillator frequency. Network C9,C10, R4,R5 improves the channel separation. 38kHz crystal X1 is connected between pins 5 and 6 of the IC. Composite stereo signal is created by the stereo modulator circuit using the 38kHz quartz controlled frequency.
Posted on Sunday, October 23, 2011 • Category: Power Supplies
This is an add-on over voltage protection circuit for LM317 voltage regulator. It is a voltage regulator that allows a 6V portable supply to be derived from the 12V car battery. You can add a 6.2V zener diode and a LED to warn you when the input supply is overvoltage. If you could find a relay that would operate from 6.2V right up to 12v that you could connect in such a way that if over voltage occurred, then the relay would automatically switch off the output preventing damage to any connected equipment.
Such a relay would be quite difficult to find, so I designed this, it is a simple two transistor circuit which will switch off the output should the voltage raise above 6.2v this can be changed by selecting a different value of zener diode.
Posted on Tuesday, October 18, 2011 • Category: FM Transmitters
This simple FM Transmitter takes audio input through a 1/4" phono jack and, constructed as shown, without the optional antenna connections, will broadcast an FM radio signal about 30 feet. This is the standard model of simplest FM transmitters includes a trim capacitor to adjust the transmitting frequency. It can be powered by a 9V battery and uses a hand-turned copper coil. The circuit is extraordinarily simple and could be built on perfboard or on a panel almost as easily.
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