Posted on Saturday, February 16, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
The objective of this 3V FM Transmitter design is to provide a simple low-power transmitter solution for broadcasting audio from various audio sources. This transmitter transmits audio using small sensitive microphone. Transmitter's frequency, as built is tunable via 15pF trimmer to the desired frequency, and the coil is embedded on the circuit board. This implementation is adapted to rebroadcast the output of a CD player, television receiver, or radio receiver. I use this transmitter so that I can move about the house and listen to my favorite programs without disturbing others. Within and the house, I find that I can get 50 to 100 meters away from the transmitter with the small pocket FM receiver I carry in my shirt pocket.
Posted on Sunday, February 10, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
This little broadcast FM transmitter has 500mW of RF output power and runs of 12-15V battery or power supply. DC whose signal modulated by FM using four transistors. Transmitter includes four transmitter stages and draws around 100-150mA of current. Using the values of the circuit components, the frequency will be around 100 MHz but can be changed via coil. Through the 5 pF capacitor and 10K ohm resistor, the modulation of audio signal is supplied to the tank circuit. The amount of modulation is being managed by the 1N4002, a general purpose rectifier diode. FM Transmitter's output stage is functioning as a class D amplifier where the output transistors act as a switch.
Posted on Tuesday, January 29, 2013 • Category: Test and Measurement
This is high quality function generator system using the XR2206 chip. Waveform function generator capable of producing AM/FM modulated sine wave outputs find a wide range of applications in electrical measurement and laboratory instrumentation. This application note describes the design, construction and the performance of such a complete function generator system suitable for laboratory usage or hobbyist applications. The entire function generator is comprised of a single XR2206 monolithic IC and a limited number of passive circuit components. It provides the engineer, student, or hobbyist with highly versatile laboratory instrument for waveform generation at a very small fraction of the cost of conventional function generators available today.
Posted on Thursday, January 24, 2013 • Category: Power Supplies
This is very simple 1.2 - 36V adjustable bench power supply with 5A of output current. Max input voltage is 37V and output is adjustable via potentiometer between 1.2 up to 36 volts. TIP147 PNP darlington transistor boosts the current of LM317 from 100mA to 5A. LM317 is the most useful and inexpensive adjustable regulator and for this circuit you can also use LM317L that can give 100mA, that's enough for transistor bias. D1 and D2 are protection diodes because when you turn the circuit off the output capacitors are discharging and can damage the transistor or regulator. 100nf capacitors are in parallel with electrolytic capacitors to remove high frequency noise because large value electrolytic have large ESR and ESL and can't remove high frequency noise.
Posted on Wednesday, January 16, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
There are many miniature FM transmitter bug circuits online, this one is unique in that it runs completely on solar power. No battery is required. As long as the sun is shining on the PV panel, the transmitter will transmit. The transmitter bug is useful as a "remote ear", and can be used for anything from listening birds to surveillance work. The mic preamp and oscillator circuits were borrowed from a common circuit found around the Internet, a regulated solar power supply and an RF amp that extends the range of transmitter and improves frequency stability were added.
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