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XR2206 Function Generator
Posted on Thursday, April 4, 2013   •   Category: Frequency Wave Generators

Presented here is XR2206 function generator with multiple waveform selection and a frequency readout display. The diagram on the right shows the internal workings of the XR2206 in the form of a block diagram. Essentially the chip contains A VCO (voltage controller oscillator), wave shaper and buffer. The XR2206 frequency generator diagram frequency of the VCO is set with a capacitor and a resistor. The capacitor sets the frequency range whilst a variable resistor can be used to vary the frequency in the set range. The frequency is defined by É = 1/(RC). For a starting point for the design of the frequency generator I used the test circuit from the XR2206 datasheet. I built this on bread board and experimented with the timing resistor and capacitor and managed to get the frequency up to 4MHz.

150W FM Transmitter Amplifier
Posted on Saturday, March 30, 2013   •   Category: FM Transmitters

This is 150W FM transmitter amplifier for 88-108MHz band. The amplifier has two stages using BLF244 mosfet transistor for the first stage which requires 0.5 - 1Watt of RF input to get about 20watts to drive the final stage SD1407 which can push nearly 200 Watts on this design. This design is more or less broadband however I added two variable capacitors after each stage for optimum matching and power output. Make sure the trimmer and the capacitors after the final stage SD1407 are a high voltage types with at least 200V rating. The power on this amplifier can be varied by adjusting the bias voltage using the white pot to the BLF244 mosfet. I added a zener diode onto the bias supply to protect the transistor from too much bias voltage.

LM317 Adjustable Power Supply
Posted on Sunday, March 24, 2013   •   Category: Power Supplies

Here's how to build your own adjustable power supply based on LM317. The IC LM317 is so versatile that an almost unlimited number of different, small, high grade power supply circuits can be built using it. The configurations can be introduced for different applications for upgrading an existing unit with features that would virtually make it indestructible. A few useful application circuits using IC LM317, collected from National Semiconductor's PDF datasheet are meticulously explained in this section with the help of the relevant circuit diagrams. All the circuits discussed below require an unregulated input voltage (max. 35 Volts) from any standard transformer/bridge/capacitor network.

How to Make FM Transmitter
Posted on Wednesday, March 20, 2013   •   Category: FM Transmitters

This tutorial is for making simplest FM transmitter using only one transistor. VC1 is a small, screw-adjustable, trimmer capacitor and its rating should be around 10-100pF. Set your FM receiver for a clear, blank station. Then, with a non-conductive tool, adjust the capacitor for the clearest reception, rotate it till the receiver receives a sound from the microphone of transmitter. Use the following formula for determining the frequency.

VHF FM Aircraft Receiver
Posted on Friday, March 15, 2013   •   Category: AM Radio

VHF FM Aircraft Receiver is a superregenative receiver developed for listening to FM transmitters but also tunes the aircraft band and the top portion of the FM broadcast band. Receives both AM and FM (107mHz to 135 MHz). You can use this receiver with the any FM transmitter. The receiver is amazingly simple using only one transistor for the receiver section and one IC for the audio section. This circuit is a self-quenching regenerative RF receiver also known as a superregenerative receiver. A superregenerative receiver performs two basic functions. First it feeds back a portion of the received signal from itís output in phase to its input; and second a super audible quenching oscillator drives the amplifier through the point of oscillation and maximum sensitivity and then quenches the oscillation repeatedly. This keeps the feedback from driving the circuit into self-oscillation and allows the signal to be regenerated over and over again. In this version of the circuit, both functions are performed by the circuitry associated with Q1. The rest of the circuit, shown to the right of L3 in the schematic, comprise the audio amplification circuit and are centered on the LM386 Audio Amp IC. In this configuration the LM386 is set at a gain of 200 and feeds itís output to a standard 1/8-inch diameter stereo phone jack. The audio can then be heard by plugging any standard stereo headset into the jack.

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