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27MHz Walkie Talkie
Posted on Friday, June 6, 2014   •   Category: FM Transmitters


This classic walkie talkie consists of both 27MHz transmitter and receiver all in one circuit. Nearly all the components in the 4-transistor circuit are used for both transmitting and receiving making it simple to build and economical at the same time. The frequency-generating stage only needs 27MHz crystal to be removed and it becomes a receiver. Next is a three transistor audio amplifier with very high gain. The first transistor is a pre-amplifier and the next two are wired as a super-alpha pair, commonly called a Darlington pair to drive the speaker that is also used as a microphone. The use of telescopic antenna will provide better reception and transmitting range. Use two identical walkie talkie circuits for two way communication.


Plant Water Alarm
Posted on Sunday, June 1, 2014   •   Category: Miscellaneous


This simple plant water alarm circuit indicates when the soil is dry and the plant needs watering. The circuit does not have a current-limiting resistor because the base resistor is very high and the current through the transistor is only 2mA. Replacing 220K resistor with 1M potentiometer will provide adjustment when the alarm should be triggered depending on the moisture left in the soil.


4km FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, May 16, 2014   •   Category: FM Transmitters


This is a VCO FM Transmitter. With good antenna (dipole placed outdoor and high) the transmitter has very good coverage range about 500 meters, the maximal coverage range is up to 4 km. To calibrate for maximum power connect 6 V / 0,1 light bulb to the output and use R1 to tune the right frequency, adjust L1 coil if necesary. Then use C14 and C15 to adjust the highest power (the highest light of the bulb). Then you can connect antenna and audio signal. Adjust R2 until the audio sounds as loud as the other stations.


1 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier
Posted on Thursday, May 15, 2014   •   Category: FM Transmitters


This is a 1 Watt FM Transmitter amplifier with a good design that can be used to amplify a RF signal in the 88 108 MHz band. It is very sensitive if you use good RF power amplifier transistors, trimmers and coils. It has a power amplification factor of 9 to 12 dB (9 to 15 times). At an input power of 0.1W the output will be 1W. You must choose T1 transistor depending on applied voltage. If you have a 12V power supply then use transistors like: 2N4427, KT920A, KT934A, KT904, BLX65, 2SC1970, BLY87. At 18 to 24V power supply you must use transistors like: 2N3866, 2N3553, KT922A, BLY91, BLX92A. You may use 2N2219 at 12V but you will get an output power of 0.4W maximum.


Simple MOSFET Switch
Posted on Tuesday, May 13, 2014   •   Category: Miscellaneous


Constructing a MOSFET switch is one of the basic level electronics projects and could be useful for beginners to get a hang of the various FET transistors. The aim of this project is to make control a heavy duty DC load by constructing a simple switch. MOSFET transistors are capable of handling a large voltage and current. It is because of this feature that it is being much sought after for connecting heavy loads to a circuit or a microcontroller.


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