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Simplest FM Transmitter
Posted on Tuesday, October 18, 2011   •   Category: FM Transmitters


This simple FM Transmitter takes audio input through a 1/4" phono jack and, constructed as shown, without the optional antenna connections, will broadcast an FM radio signal about 30 feet. This is the standard model of simplest FM transmitters includes a trim capacitor to adjust the transmitting frequency. It can be powered by a 9V battery and uses a hand-turned copper coil. The circuit is extraordinarily simple and could be built on perfboard or on a panel almost as easily.


Simple FM Transmitter Bug
Posted on Wednesday, October 12, 2011   •   Category: FM Transmitters


This is a simple design of a small FM Transmitter Bug that's perfect for transmitting and eavesdropping purposes. Due to the high sensitivity, even the ticking of the clock to hear. The range is estimated at anything from 50 meters. With a small piece of wire as an antenna to get at least the whole house. L1 and L2 are two equal air pools. They each consist of 5 turns at a diameter of about 4 mm. The thickness of the wire does not matter, 0.5 mm works perfectly. C4 is the frequency adjustment. Tune an FM radio in an empty area of the FM band and C4 to turn your silence or hear a whistle. From what you can precisely adjust the radio and the transmitter installed in a room somewhere to intercept. Note: Because these transmitter bugs inherently unstable, you better read the short legs of the components keep the circuit mechanically tightly together up. Also placing a 1 nF capacitor (C6) will benefit stability. R1, R3, R4: 4K7 R2: 100K R5: 10K R6: 270 Ohms C1, C2: 10 uF C3, C6: 1 nF C4: 2-18 pF trimmer C5: 5.6 pF L1, L2: air puddle windings on May 4 mm in diameter (see text) T1, T2: 547 BC Condenser microphone Original Text: Ook het plaatsen van een 1 nF condensatortje (C6) over de voedingsaanluitingen komt de werking ten goede. [Origineel TinyCAD ontwerp] Show alternative translations


30V 10A Variable Bench Power Supply
Posted on Saturday, October 8, 2011   •   Category: Power Supplies


Presented here is a circuit for 30V 10A variable bench power supply that offers variable voltage and current adjustment. Power supply is based around a LM723 voltage regulator chip and has current limiting. I often end up with the power clips shorting out on the bench and with no problems. I have had this circuit in use now for over 20 years and has never let me down and is one of the most handiest gadgets i have built. The 2N3055 transistors are a well proven high current transistor. More 2N3055 transistors can be connected together for more output current. The transistors will need to be mounted on a good size heatsink.


PLL Stereo FM Transmitter
Posted on Friday, September 23, 2011   •   Category: FM Transmitters


The circuit shown here is of a good Stereo FM transmitter that can transmit high quality signals up to a range of 70 feet. The circuit is based on BH1417 PLL stereo transmitter IC from Rhom semiconductors. The IC has separate audio processing sections for the left and right channels, pre emphasis circuit for improving signal to noise ratio, crystal control circuitry for accurate frequency locking, multiplex circuit for making sum ( left plus right) and difference ( left minus right) {see this article for better understanding Stereo decoder circuit} etc. Another important feature of this IC is that the transmission frequency can be set using a 4 channel DIP switch. The IC can be powered from anything between 4 to 6V DC and has an output power around 20mW. At full output power the circuit consumes only 20mA and has a channel separation of 40dB.There are 14 possible preset transmission frequencies, starting from 88.7MHz and incrementing in steps of 0.2MHz that can be selected using the DIP switch. The PLL circuitry of the IC is so precise that there is practically no frequency drift.


USB Voltmeter
Posted on Sunday, September 11, 2011   •   Category: Test and Measurement


USB Voltmeter is a PC based dual channel voltmeter built around PIC18F2455 / PIC18F2550 microcontroller that measures voltage from 0.00V up to 500.00V with 10mV resolution. USB Voltmeter sends measured data to PC via standard USB connection displaying data on a computer monitor. USB Voltmeter is self-powered drawing very little current from USB port. Voltage readings are displayed via included USB Voltmeter software.


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