Posted on Sunday, March 9, 2014 • Category: Test and Measurement
An adjustable power load is a piece of test equipment that often comes handy in the development of a certain electronics projects. For example, when you are building a power supply, it will come a time when you need to "simulate" a load to see how well your design performs as the load varies. Adding power resistors to the output can sometimes do in a pinch, but often you will not have the right resistor value handy with the right power rating for the test. This is where an adjustable electronic load comes handy. In this article, I'll show how you can build one using common components available to the electronics hobbyist.
Posted on Thursday, February 27, 2014 • Category: Amplifiers
LM3886 is a high-fidelity audio power amplifier IC capable of delivering 68W of continuous power using 4 Ohm speakers. LM3886 provides excellent S/N ratio of 92dB and above as well as extremely low total harmonic distortion over the audio spectrum.
LM3886 comes equipped with Self Peak Instantaneous Temperature Protection Circuitry (SPiKE) that makes it a class above other discrete and hybrid amplifiers. SPiKe Protection makes LM3886 amplifier safe against problems like over voltage, under voltage, overloads, shorts to the supplies, thermal runaway, and temperature peaks.
Posted on Tuesday, February 18, 2014 • Category: FM Transmitters
Here's FM transmitter for commercial FM band that provides 18 watts of power. Since the electronic diagram is too large we decided to divide it into two parts. The first part is the actual FM transmitter while the second part is 18W RF amplifier. The circuit should be built on an epoxy printed circuit board with the upper face components reserved for interconnecting tracks and the bottom solder to the ground plane. If powered by 14V and 2.5A transmitter outputs 15W of power, whereas 18V and 3.5A will provide 18W. BB110 variable capacitor connected to the collector of transistor BF199 adjusts the transmission frequency of the circuit. 2K2 potentiometer serves as fine tuning. Once the output frequency is adjusted amplifier variable capacitors must be adjusted for maximum output power one stage at a time. All adjustments must be made with 50 Ohm dummy load connected to the output of transmitter.
Posted on Friday, February 14, 2014 • Category: Solar Circuits
As the world around us becomes more and more environmentally conscious, alternative energies such as solar power are becoming more and more popular. The following solar charger is very simple and inexpensive to build and could be used to charge cellphones, tablets and other USB devices. 6V solar panel could be easily salvaged from outdoor garden lights. Solar charger uses REG113-5 efficient low dropout regulator that only loses 250mv of forward voltage. Linear style regulators such as a LM7805 or LM317 type voltage regulators lose as much as 2-3V and can not be used in this application. Optionally you may also add four-resistor voltage divider to charge an iPhone or iPad.
Posted on Tuesday, January 28, 2014 • Category: AC / DC Innveters
Here is a simple but powerful, stable and efficient schematic diagram for a 500W modified sine wave inverter circuit. Originally I used a 555 timer and a CD4017 decade counter to produce the modified sine wave, but then I thought a simple PIC micro controller with its internal clock would produce a stable 50Hz/60Hz frequency without the need for two ICs. As you can see its a very simple circuit. 220V transformer should be used for 220V voltage output. For 110V voltage output use transformer with 110V rating.
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