Circuit-Zone.com - Electronic Projects
Posted on Wednesday, March 23, 2011 • Category: USB Circuts
Sometimes you just need to connect some device to COM port, but computer don’t have one especially laptop. There are two ways â€“ go and buy USB â€“ COM adapter or build one. So if you decided to build USB to COM(RS232) adapter, there is one of solutions.
This adapter is very easy to build as there is single chip USB to UART bridge (CP2102) used. This chip from Silicon Labs support USB2.0 full speed, has internal Resistors required for USB interface, integrated clock, internal 1024 -byte EEPROM for vendor ID, Product ID serial number, power descriptor and other information. SP2102 USART part support almost all standard features of RS232 communication including handshaking, Databits (5, 6, 7 and 8); 1 or 2 stop bits; odd, even, mark, space and no parities; baud rate from 300bps to 1Mbits.
Device is powered from USB port and requires about 10mA. Chip drivers enable to connect this adapter to most of Operation systems like Win98, Win2000, WinXP, Linux.
Posted on Tuesday, March 22, 2011 • Category: USB Circuts
USB switch is used to share USB devices such as printers, scanners, hard drivers, etc. between two computers. Just connect the two computers on a network device and say the printer as shared. This method however requires the continued operation of the computer we plugged the printer. Solution to above problem is to give the circuit that we present, and has the potential to be transferred to the printer on whichever computer we want, because the printer is connected to one of two computers, but in construction.
Posted on Monday, March 21, 2011 • Category: Remote Control
There are lot of remote controls like infrared, RF, SMS (like my other circuit) and more. The basic small-range remote controls are 2, Infrared and RF (Radio Frequency). One of the weaks of Infrared is that the signal can not pass the walls. So, if you want to control your garage door, the only way is to use some RF remote control. The circuit (transmitter and receiver) use few components and ordinary (I love few component circuits) . Its easy to build it because you don't have to tune-up any coil or variable capacitor. The RF modules are fix to work in 418MHz area.
Posted on Monday, March 21, 2011 • Category: LED
In this page we will introduce a great project designed by Toon Beerten. This project can become a very interesting add-on for your room that's absolutely sure it will impress everyone. As you can see on the photos, we talk about a color fading lamp, that looks amazing!
The purpose of this page is to try to give some hints building it successful. This high power led mood light is based on PIC16F628 and the ability of this mcu to produce PWM pulses. Varying pulse width we can produce millions of color combinations using only the three basic colors. So only one RGB (Red-Green-Blue) led is capable producing a rainbow of fading colors.
With the help of four switches we can handle all functions of the lamp. We can choose fading or jumping between colors, we can select a rainbow style or a random color changing behavior, we can choose slow or fast changing of colors and we can pause on a desired color.
Finally we will make some power dissipation measurements to help us select an appropriate power supply unit.
Posted on Monday, March 21, 2011 • Category: LED
There is a major advantage to using LEDs for lighting: various dimming techniques allow seamless control of the light output from the LED source. While LEDs are efficient light sources, the dimming feature also allows for considerable power savings. Control over the light output also helps to set the desired ambience.
PWM dimming is preferred to analog dimming for several reasons. For many applications PWM dimming maintains the color of the light output regardless of the dim level. For circuit design, PWM control is more immune to noise; the control signal need not be accurate in both voltage levels and dimming frequency; and the driver circuit design is less complex. PWM dimming usually requires a control line that carries the PWM dimming signal, in addition to the two power-supply lines. This standard configuration is, however, a drawback for applications that use common dimming for a large number of lights; the configuration also makes it difficult to replace the incandescent light installations with two-wire supply lines that depend on supply chopping for dimming control.
Traditional, crude LED driver circuits that work with power-supply dimming are problematic. Those drivers turn off power to the LEDs gradually as the input filter capacitors discharge to the minimum operating voltage of the driver. That process can cause the input and output filter capacitors to discharge to low levels. Then when the supply is turned back on, a huge surge of current flows to replenish the capacitor charge, thus causing EMI issues and premature dimmer damage. To prevent these various issues, those circuits use large inductor filters that increase cost.
The LED driver reference design described here addresses this basic design challenge with PWM dimming. This LED driver implements PWM dimming based on supply chopping; it does not cause any supply current overshoot. The design provides up to 90% efficiency while operating from a 24V supply. It allows a unidirectional supply input with an efficient semi-MOSFET bridge rectifier at the input. Figure 1 shows the top view of the design board.
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