Posted on Tuesday, January 29, 2013 • Category: Test and Measurement
This is high quality function generator system using the XR2206 chip. Waveform function generator capable of producing AM/FM modulated sine wave outputs find a wide range of applications in electrical measurement and laboratory instrumentation. This application note describes the design, construction and the performance of such a complete function generator system suitable for laboratory usage or hobbyist applications. The entire function generator is comprised of a single XR2206 monolithic IC and a limited number of passive circuit components. It provides the engineer, student, or hobbyist with highly versatile laboratory instrument for waveform generation at a very small fraction of the cost of conventional function generators available today.
Posted on Thursday, January 24, 2013 • Category: Power Supplies
This is very simple 1.2 - 36V adjustable bench power supply with 5A of output current. Max input voltage is 37V and output is adjustable via potentiometer between 1.2 up to 36 volts. TIP147 PNP darlington transistor boosts the current of LM317 from 100mA to 5A. LM317 is the most useful and inexpensive adjustable regulator and for this circuit you can also use LM317L that can give 100mA, that's enough for transistor bias. D1 and D2 are protection diodes because when you turn the circuit off the output capacitors are discharging and can damage the transistor or regulator. 100nf capacitors are in parallel with electrolytic capacitors to remove high frequency noise because large value electrolytic have large ESR and ESL and can't remove high frequency noise.
Posted on Wednesday, January 16, 2013 • Category: FM Transmitters
There are many miniature FM transmitter bug circuits online, this one is unique in that it runs completely on solar power. No battery is required. As long as the sun is shining on the PV panel, the transmitter will transmit. The transmitter bug is useful as a "remote ear", and can be used for anything from listening birds to surveillance work. The mic preamp and oscillator circuits were borrowed from a common circuit found around the Internet, a regulated solar power supply and an RF amp that extends the range of transmitter and improves frequency stability were added.
Posted on Sunday, January 6, 2013 • Category: Power Supplies
12V dual power supply has symmetrical voltage output +12V and -12V with limited current to 100mA. It has been built to power three OPA627 opamps of Audio DAC I am building with PCM1792 & PCM1794 chips. Circuit has on the primary side only fuse. I couldn't find smaller than 50mA. We can connect power cord directly to the X1 connector or via power switch on the chassis. On the secondary side of transformer are connected two fuses 100mA and after them is bridge rectifier. For filtering of rectified voltage there are C1 and C2. Next are positive and negative voltage regulators 78L12 and 79L12 with decoupling capacitors C3 to C6 close to regulators. Next are small filter capacitors and also signaling LEDs connected via resistors. Output voltages are connected to 3 pin connector. For signaling of presence of voltage is enough only one LED. We can also use 2 pin connectors for LED connecting.
Posted on Sunday, December 23, 2012 • Category: FM Transmitters
Build your own simple mini FM transmitter. This fun project will show you how to build a mini broadcasting transmitter that can transmit an audio signal up to a quarter mile to any FM receiver. It's easy to build and a good learning experience. It serves as a hands-on learning tool for students or anybody interested in electronics. Having a range of up to a quarter mile, it's great for a house security system, baby monitoring device or simply a listening gadget that you can place anywhere!
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