Posted on Tuesday, December 4, 2012 • Category: FM Transmitters
The power output of many transmitter circuits are very low because no power amplifier stages are incorporated. The transmitter circuit described here has an extra RF power amplifier stage using 2N3866 RF power transistor after the oscillator stage to increase output power to 250 milliwatts. With a good matching 50-ohm ground plane antenna or multi-element Yagi antenna, this transmitter can provide reasonably good signal strength up to a distance of about 2 kilometers. Transmitter's oscillator is built around BF494 transistor T1. It is a basic low-power variable-frequency VHF oscillator. A varicap diode circuit is included to tune the frequency of the transmitter and to provide frequency modulation by audio signals. The output of the oscillator is about 50 milliwatts. 2N3866 transistor T2 forms a VHF-class A power amplifier. It boosts the oscillator signal power four to five times. Thus 250mW of power is generated at the collector of transistor T2.
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